Key Terms

Corporate actor

A corporate entity or individual acting on behalf of a corporate entity.

Corporate crime

Illegal conduct that is linked to a human rights abuse, including conduct that should be criminalised in order to meet requirements under international law even if the State has failed to do so.

Corporate entity

Any type of undertaking that carries on a business or trade, whether an incorporated entity, a limited liability company, a partnership or otherwise.

Home State

The State in which a corporate entity is incorporated, registered, has its legal address (domicile) or main office.

Host State

The State, other than the home State, in which a corporate entity operates, whether through a subsidiary, joint venture or other commercial arrangement.

Law enforcement

Police, investigators, investigative judges and prosecutors.


Non-governmental organisation.